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Natural Heritage 自然遗产 The Parallel Flow of Three Rivers 三江并流

Profile:Natural Heritage 自然遗产 The Parallel Flow of Three Rivers 三江并流
The Parallel Flow of Three Rivers refers to the world’s rare natural geographic of “parallel flow of rivers without merge” involving three rivers of same source from Tibet Plateau –Jinsha River, Lancang River and Nu River. These three great rivers run in parallel for a length of 170km from north to south within the boundary of Yunan Province. These rivers wind their way through Lika Mountain, Gaoligong Mountain, Nu Mountain and Yun Ridge till at last they reach wher they have formed the unique natural wonder. The shortest, direct distance between Lancang Riverand Jinsha River is 66km and that between Lancang River and Nu River no more than 19km.
The natural wonder of “Parallel Flow of Three Rivers” is composed of Nu River, Lancang River and Jinsha River and the mountain ranges within its drainage. With a total area of 1.7 million hectares, it includes nine natural reserves and ten scenic spots in Lijiang City, Diqing Tibetan Prefect and Nu River Lisu Li-Su Lisaw Prefecture of Yunan Province. Located in wher three major geographic zones of East Asia, South Asia and Tibet Plateau meet, it is the world’s rarely seen, typical area of mountainous landform and its evolution as well as one of the world’s most species-abundant zones. The scenic spot involves Lijiang Area, Diqing Tibetan Prefect and Nu River Lisu Li-Su Lisaw Prefecture.
The area of Parallel Flow of Three Rivers is a museum of geology and landform of greatest diversity in the world. Forty million years ago, the clash between the Indian Secondary Plate and Eurasia Plate caused the violent crush, rise and cut-off of Hengduan Mountains. High mountains and great rivers intertwine to form world’s only natural wonder of 170-kilometer parallel flow of three rivers.
Within the scenic zone of Parallel Flow of Three Rivers, high mountains and snow-capped peaks tower around, with perpendicular distribution of variation of the seal levels ranging from 760m of Rehe Valley of the Nu River to 6,740m of Kawaboge Peak. High-rising mountain ranges and gorges, snow-capped peaks and glaciers, plateau and marshes, forests and prairie, fresh water lakes, rare animals and plants together make up the exotic and unique scenery here. There are 118 snow-capped mountains of various shapes and above the seal level of 1,500m. Right beside the snow-capped mountains are the primitive forests and densely-populated lakes of snow erosion. The Kawagebo Peak, the major peak of Meili Snow-capped Mountain that is above the seal of 6,740m is covered glaciers formed over ten thousand years. The crystal and glowing glaciers extend from the peak top to the Mingyong Village Forest at the seal level of 2,700m and this is by far the world’s most spectacular and rare contemporary monsoon maritime glaciers of low seal level and low altitude. Over the past thousands of years, the Tibetan people have regarded the Meili Snow-capped Mountain as a magic mountain, maintaining the taboo that mountaineers be forbidden to enter.
The Laojun Mountain of Lijiang has China’s largest, fully-developed landform wonder, embedded glaringly in the lush primitive forest. And due to wind erosion, some red rocks exhibit a cracking structure on the surface. In particular, one mountain slopes look as if hundreds of thousands of little turtles gather to form one giant turtle, all staying in neat order and seemingly marching towards the east wher the sun rises.

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