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Current Location: Homepage » Chinese Culture » Get Fed in China 吃在中国 » Main Body

Wine Culture 美酒文化 Wine and Chinese Literator 酒与中国文人

Time:2015-04-21Source:Internet
Profile:Wine and Chinese Literator 酒与中国文人
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
酒与大部分中国文人有密切关系。中古时期,魏晋(220—420)名士、唐代(618—907)诗人好酒善饮的记载很多,是“酒与中国文化”的关联中足堪留意的两个阶段。
Wine has close relationship with most Chinese literators. In the mediaeval times, there are many records about the famous people of Wei & Jin Dynasties (220-420) and poets of Tang Dynasty (618-907) good at drinking, which are two stages worthy of attention in the relationship of “wine & Chinese culture”.
其实,文人和酒的渊源并非从魏晋名士开始,但像竹林七贤“无事常痛饮”,酒甚至占据其生活全部的情况却不多见。他们处在动荡不安的社会背景下,借酒浇愁、以酒避祸、酒后放狂言以表达对时政的不满,反映了乱世文人的无奈处境。从此,文人酗酒不再被看成是败德丑行,而被视为风流韵事。而唐朝诗人似乎都喜欢豪饮,诗中有酒,酒中有诗的李白、杜甫,都是闻名中外的伟大诗人。
Actually, the source of literators and wine isn’t from the famous people of Wei & Jin Dynasty. However, such cases as the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove “drunk deep at their free time” with the wine being the whole part of their life are not common. Living in the turbulent social background, they drank down, resorted to wine for escaping from disasters and spoke ravings to express their dissatisfaction towards the current polices after drinking, which reflected the frustrating situation of the literators in the turbulent days. From then on, the bibulosity of the literators is considered as romantic affairs rather than moral-decayed ignominy. It seemed that the posts of Tang Dynasty liked drinking deep. Li Bai and Du Fu, with the features of wine in the poem and poem in the wine, were the world-famous great poets.  
中国诗歌、音乐、绘画、书法等传统艺术的抒情性都很强,酒能由于使人回归纯洁、本真的人性,激发艺术家的创作才华,因此令后人对酒、诗、文人三者之间的关系产生浪漫的遐想。
The traditional arts such as Chinese poem, music, painting and calligraphy, has strong lyricism. The wine can make people regress to the pure and naive humanity, arouse artist’s creative talent, which brings out romantic imagination of the relationship among wine, poem and literator for the people in the future.
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