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Current Location: Homepage » Chinese Culture » Chinese Tea Culture 茶文化 » Main Body

Oolong tea 乌龙茶

Time:2015-05-31Source:Internet
Profile:Oolong tea 乌龙茶
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
乌龙茶又名青茶,属半发酵茶类。基本工艺过程是晒青、晾青、播青、杀青,揉捻、干燥。乌龙茶的品质特点是,既具有绿茶的清香和花香,又具有红茶醇厚的滋味。乌龙茶种类因茶树品种的特异性而形成各自独特的风味,产地不同,品质差异也十分显着。
Oolong tea, also named green tea, is a semi-fermented tea. Its basic producing process is sun drying, air drying, selecing, fixation, rolling and baking. The quality feature of oolong tea is that it has not only the faint scent and flower fragrance of green tea, but also the mellow taste of black tea. Owing to the specificity of tea tree species, the types of Oolong tea forms their unique flavor. Differences of quality are significant due to various producing areas.
乌龙茶起源于福建,至今已有一千多年的历史,主要创制于1725年(清雍正年间)前后。据福建《安溪县志》记载:“安溪人于清雍正三年首先发明乌龙茶做法,以后传入闽北和台湾。”另据史料考证,1862年福州即设有经营乌龙茶的茶栈,1866年台湾乌龙茶开始外销。现在,乌龙茶除内销广东、福建等省外,主要出口日本、东南亚和港澳地区。
Oolong tea which originates from Fujian Province has a history of over one thousand years and started to gain popularity around the year 1725 (the years of Emperor Yongzheng in the Qing Dynasty). As recorded by Records of Anxi County in Fujian: “Anxi people invented the making method of Oolong tea first, which was then introduced to North Fujian and Taiwan.” Additionally, according to the historical data and textual research, tea inns which sold oolong tea had already existed in Fujian in 1862, and Oolong tea from Taiwan began to be exported in 1866. Nowadays, apart from being sold to Guangdong and Fujian, etc., Oolong tea is mainly exported to Japan, Southeast Asia, as well as Hong Kong and Macao.
乌龙茶根据其产地分,可分为:
According to its producing area, oolong tea can be divided into:
1、闽北乌龙。包括武夷岩茶、水仙、大红袍、肉桂等。
1. Oolong tea from North Fujian, including Wuyi Rock Tea, Narcissus, Dahongpao Tea and Cassia Tea, etc.
2、闽南乌龙。包括铁观音、奇兰、水仙、黄金桂等。
2. Oolong tea from South Fujian, including Tie Guanyin, Qilan tea, narcissus and Golden Osmanthus, etc.
3、广东乌龙。包括凤凰单枞、凤凰水仙、岭头单枞等。
3. Oolong tea from Guangdong, including Fenghuang Dancong Oolong Tea, Fenghuang Shuixian Oolong Tea and Lingtou Dancong Tea, etc.
4、台湾乌龙。包括冻顶乌龙、包种、乌龙等。
4. Taiwan oolong tea, including Dongding Oolong Tea, Pouchong and Oolong tea, etc.
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