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Oracle Bone Scripts of Yin Dynasty Ruins in Anyang – Ancestor of Chinese Characters 安阳殷墟甲骨文——中国汉字的鼻祖

Time:2015-08-17Source:Internet
Profile:Oracle Bone Scripts of Yin Dynasty Ruins in Anyang – Ancestor of Chinese Characters 安阳殷墟甲骨文——中国汉字的鼻祖
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)
甲骨文是现存中国最古老的文字,与埃及的纸草文、巴比伦的泥版文书等同为人类社会最珍贵的文化遗产。
Oracle bone scripts are the oldest existing Chinese characters and listed as the most precious cultural relics of the human society together with Egyptian papyrus characters and clay tablets of Babylon.

甲骨文主要指殷墟甲骨文,是殷商时代刻在龟甲兽骨上的文字,距今已3000多年。
Oracle bone scripts mainly refer to those discovered in Yin Dynasty Ruins, that is, characters inscribed on bones or tortoise shells in the Shang Dynasty more than three thousand years ago.
目前发现有大约15万片甲骨,4500多个单字。这些甲骨文所记载的内容极为丰富,涉及到商代社会生活的诸多方面,不仅包括政治、军事、文化、社会习俗等内容,而且涉及天文、历法、医药等科学技术。
For now, nearly 150,000 pieces of tortoise shells were disclosed, with more than 4,500 characters. The scripts record a wide range of contents covering various fields of social life in the Shang Dynasty, such as politics, military, culture, social customs as well as astronomy, calendar and medicine, among other technologies.
从甲骨文已识别的约1500个单字来看,它已具备了“象形、会意、形声、指事、转注、假借”的造字方法,展现了中国文字的独特魅力。
Judging from about 1,500 characters identified from oracle bone scripts, we found that it has the word-formation methods of “pictograms, ideograph, echoism, self-explanation, mutual explanation and loan characters”, showcasing the exceptional charm of Chinese characters.


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